May 29, 2012 §
SEIFE, Charles. Zero : The biography of a dangerous idea. Penguin books, 2000.
The Babylonians invented it, the Greeks banned it, the Hindus worshiped it, and the Church used it to fend off heretics. Now it threatens the foundations of modern physics. For centuries the power of zero savored of the demonic; once harnessed, it became the most important tool in mathematics. For zero, infinity’s twin, is not like other numbers. It is both nothing and everything. In Zero, Science Journalist Charles Seife follows this innocent-looking number from its birth as an Eastern philosophical concept to its struggle for acceptance in Europe, its rise and transcendence in the West, and its ever-present threat to modern physics. Here are the legendary thinkers–from Pythagoras to Newton to Heisenberg, from the Kabalists to today’s astrophysicists–who have tried to understand it and whose clashes shook the foundations of philosophy, science, mathematics, and religion. Zero has pitted East against West and faith against reason, and its intransigence persists in the dark core of a black hole and the brilliant flash of the Big Bang. Today, zero lies at the heart of one of the biggest scientific controversies of all time: the quest for a theory of everything.
May 29, 2012 §
BOURBAKI, Nicolas. Éléments d’histoire des Mathématiques. Paris : Masson, 1984
Nicolas BOURBAKI est un mathématien imaginaire, sous le nom duquel un groupe de mathématiciens francophones, formé en 1935.
BOURBAKI, Nicolas. trad. John MELDRUM. Elements of the History of Mathematics. Germany : Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1994.